These guidelines are designed to help smooth the progress of your work from typescript to final copy. Consistency and clarity are very important and we hope the following will help you to achieve that.
Use ‘s’ rather than ‘z’ e.g.globalisation, modernisation.
Do not change spelling, punctuation or capitalisation in quoted material.
Be consistent throughout the entirety of the paper.
Agreement of text citation and reference list entry
For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure such consistency as well as the accuracy of the reference (http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/home.html
). Ensure that all references cited in text and notes of article are provided in Reference list at the end, and that the years and author’s names correspond. Among other things, specific page references to a journal article, when given in a text citation, must fall within the range of pages given for the article in the reference list entry.
Reference list entries with same author(s), same year
Two or more works by the same author in the same year must be differentiated in both the text and and reference list by the addition of a
, and so forth (regardless of whether they were authored, edited, compiled, or translated), and are listed alphabetically by title. Text citations consist of author and year plus letter. For example:
Please follow the syntax below for references:
: author’s last name, comma, first name (regular order for co-authors), followed by a period, the publication year, and a period. Insert book title in italics and title case, followed by a period, city of publication, a colon, name of publisher, and a period.
Nicholson, Lawrence. A. and Jonathan G. Lashley. 2016. Understanding the Caribbean Enterprise: Insights from MSMEs and Family Owned Businesses.
London: Palgrave Macmillan.
: author’s last name, comma, first name (regular order for co-authors), followed by a period, the publication year, and a period. Insert article title using title case without quotation marks, a period, the journal title in italics and followed by the volume (issue number in parentheses, if applicable), a colon, the page number(s), and a period.
Seguino, Stephanie. 2008. Micro-Macro Linkages between Gender, Development and Growth: Implications for the Caribbean Region. Journal of Eastern Caribbean Studies
33 (4): 8-42.
Author/owner of site, period, page title inside quotation marks and title case, period, title of the site, period, URL, period.
Blog entries or comments may be cited in running text (“In a comment posted to The Becker-Posner Blog on February 23, 2010,...”) instead of in a note, and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography.
Jack, February 25, 2010 (7:03 p.m.), comment on Richard Posner, “Double Exports in Five Years?,” The Becker-Posner Blog
, February 21, 2010, http://uchicagolaw.typepad.com/beckerposner/2010/02/double-exports-in-five-years-posner.html.
Newspaper and magazine articles may be cited in running text.
Daniel Mendelsohn, “But Enough about Me,” New Yorker
, January 25, 2010, 68.