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Working Paper No. 15 Women's Leadership in our Globalized Society: A Critical Look ISBN 978-976-621-162-2 By Elsa Tamez
As a Feminist Theologian Professor Tamez raised a series of questions that seek to examine women’s leadership. What kind of leadership justified this globalized society demand? Is it advantageous to be a woman in the new concept of leadership? How do women leaders from Latin America and the Caribbean see the situation? What kind of leadership is appropriate from a responsible perspective? For Professor Tamez, societies today need to rethink everything, including the prevailing concept of leadership which is hierarchal, and adopt a paradigm of change found in the network type of leadership which she argues will be a better way for human relationships. She also cautions to make a careful reading of leadership in the market economy. Professor Tamez questions the ways in which the existing globalized world with its hierarchical type of leadership use women to rescue or to make more profitable a market economy. Its objective continues to be the maximization of gains and wealth for a small minority sector, while the majority of the world’s inhabitants survive below the poverty line.
Working Paper No. 14 Gender, Generation and Memory: Remembering a Future Caribbean ISBN 978-976-621-157-4 By Alissa Trotz
As a Caribbean feminist scholar, Dr. Trotz mines the intersecting sites of diaspora, identities and constantly shifting Caribbean political economy. In the process she offers a searing assessment of a creeping social fragmentation in the region facilitated by the politics of polarization and division. While maintaining we need to move past defensiveness and engage each other, she proffers a different future and concludes with the gift of sociality. It is the social blue print from the indigenous Wai Wai of Guyana on how we can remain each other’s keepers. She uses three dimentions of Dame Nita’s public life to organize the paper Gender, Generation and Memory: Remembering a Future Caribbean. These themes are the Social Geography of a Pan-Caribbean Identity, Caribbean Movement and Political Conflict, and Social Justice and Gender Equality. Examining the operations of gender in each of these themes, Trotz explores how a collective social amnesia has worked to effect the marginalization of Caribbean peoples by deploying the politics of polarization and division. She also suggests ways in which Caribbean peoples might rework narratives of exclusion through a preliminary discussion of counter-memories embedded in practices that do not follow the logic of borders internally or externally implied.
Working Paper No.13 Unsettling Masculinity in the Caribbean: Facing a Future Without Guarantees ISBN: 976-621-129-9 By Linden Lewis
As a Caribbean Scholar working at the intersection of Sociology and Political Economy, Linden Lewis presents a thorough analysis on the fluid ideologies shaping masculinity in the Caribbean. Lewis’ purpose is to “disabuse the reader of the notion of the fixity of masculinity.” Lewis states that masculinity is always articulated in opposition to femininity and argues that “Masculinity cannot be distilled down to some essence, which is universal and transhistorical. A number of social forces, social class, race, ethnicity, religion or culture may intervene in determining how masculinity is practiced and experienced by different men.” Lewis’ intention “is not so much to unsettle masculinity, but to destabilize certain traditional meanings and understandings of masculinity.” In the process, he reveals that the status of men and masculinity is inextricably linked to the crises and contradictions of capitalism, a phenomenon that is often overlooked in popular discussions on Caribbean men in crises. Lewis interrogates unemployment, homosexuality and homophobia, and sexual dysfunctions as key sites where masculinity is destabilised. In the process the paper provides an ontological overview of the contested meanings of manhood in the region and does so by surveying Caribbean literature and political economy. Lewis brilliantly dissects the works of Caribbean writers and Prime Ministers to challenge the reader to recognize that masculinity is always shifting, adjusting and regrouping.
Working Paper No.12 Women and Islam in Africa in the 21st Century: An African Perspective ISBN: 976-621-135-3 By Fatou Sow
As a Muslim feminist and researcher, Professor Sow is concerned about the contested political use of Islam as a tool of power, where women's bodies often become sites of struggle between political forces as in the Muslim Northern Nigerian States. Professor Sow provides the five basic pillars of Islam and raises a series of questions related to secularism, Islamic customs and laws. Does religion shape society? Does it reflect it? What is the role of religion in the making of rules, laws and politics which influence women's lives, their position within society, and gender relations within society and the family? Why does the State refer to religion in countries claiming their secularisation and their efforts of economic and social modernisation? The compatibility of Islam with development as modernity has been a debate issue for years within Muslim and Non Muslim intellectual arenas. Can modernity not comply with religion, especially with Islam? What do we mean today by modernity?
Working Paper No.11 The Darker Side of Black Mas(K)Ulinities: The Representation of the Black Male in Film ISBN: 976-621-128-0 By Kelvin Quintyne
In this paper Kelvin Quintyne examines the constructions of black masculinity in film from a Derridian, deconstructive perspective. Jacques Derrida's theorising of the working of the "dangerous supplements" in language/discourse and Patrick Fuery's insights into how this could be incorporated into analyses of film are the frameworks that underpin the analysis of the films in this study. A short survey of films from Jamaica, the United Kingdom, South Africa and Martinique forms the main focus. The study is as much a philosophical analysis of the nature of representation in the light of Derridian deconstruction, as it is an investigation of race, gender and cultural identity from a postcolonial perspective. The focus on black masculinity arises out of the intersection of subjectivity, Quintyne's personal location as a black Caribbean man, and his observation of the relatively small volume of research in this area. He argues that black men are stereotyped as dangerous, mysterious, sexually aggressive and violent. He explores how these films deconstruct these images, highlighting not only the diversity of black masculinities (that are represented), but their relationships with the construction of white masculinity and black femininity. Not only does this study point out how constructions of black masculinity deconstruct themselves, but how this deconstruction also occurs in the relationship with filmic representation and "reality".
Working Paper No.10 Producers, Reproducers and Rebels: Grenadian Slave Women 1783-1838. ISBN: 976-621-115-9 By Nicole Phillip
In this paper Dr. Phillip examines three important questions in relation to Grenadian slave women in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. She questions whether slave women provided the dominant agricultural labour on the sugar cane plantation. She assesses the success of the planter's attempts to increase the slave population by natural means. Finally she investigates the different forms of resistance that enslaved women took against slavery. Dr. Phillip demonstrates that enslaved women in Grenada were not only valuable sources of labour but as reproducers of future labour power. As the threats to end the slave trade became apparent, West Indian planters sought to conserve the existing slave population by devising measures to increase the population through various strategies. Dr. Phillip argues that these measures failed because of the resistance of the enslaved women. Dr. Phillip gives the enslaved women agency by showing how they retaliated against the system of slavery in a number of ingenious ways.
Working Paper No. 9 Changing Skill Demands in Manufacturing and the Impact on Caribbean Female Workers. ISBN 976-621-096-9 By Daphne Jayasinghe
Daphne Jayasinghe reviews some of the policy recommendations that advocate a shift in manufacturing away from low cost, labour intensive production towards the output of goods and services where high productivity, high value and improved technology provide the competitive edge. She assesses the degree to which this shift has taken place in Barbados, St. Lucia and Trinidad and Tobago. Jayasinghe reviews the changes in output from high skilled manufacturing and female dominated manufacturing in the three countries and makes a theoretical analysis of the ways in which gender issues have shaped women's experience of employment in the manufacturing sector and explore the implications for women of the changes in the nature of industry in the Caribbean. She argues that the employment created through a growth in manufacturing has not contributed to sustainable human development and there should be the recognision that labour markets reflect gender subordination found in the wider society, and this acts as an obstacle to the development of women's skills. Ms Jayasinghe contends that there should be a recognision that women face obstacles to employment in skilled work that men do not face and such gender biases must be uncovered and their inherent inequalities challenged.
Working paper No. 8 In Memory of my Ancestors: Contributions of Afro-Jamaican Female Migrants in Port Limon, Costa Rica 1872-1890. ISBN: 976-621-097-7 By Carmen Hutchinson Miller
Carmen Hutchinson Miller makes visible the participation of Afro-Jamaican women in the period of the construction of the railroad in Costa Rica in the late nineteenth century. Hutchinson Miller's argument is that Caribbean and Costa Rican historians have paid insufficient attention to the social, cultural and economic contribution of those Afro-Jamaican women and demonstrates that they were not passive actors during the economic development of Port Limon and that their active participation was meaningful as that of men. Although their productive, reproductive and organizational roles within the private sphere were not adequately recognized, they were as crucial as the men's input in contributing to the development of the society. Ms Hutchinson Miller's paper makes a meaningful contribution to understanding women's economic and social investment in the nineteenth century Hispanic Caribbean. While it provides insights in the lives and activities of these women, it underscores the very migratory character of Caribbean societies.
Working paper No. 7 Impunity, Masculinity and Heterosexism in the Discourse on Male Endangerment: An African Feminist Perspective. ISBN: 976-621-092-6 By Patricia McFadden
Patricia McFadden examines some of the legacies that have made it possible for Africans on and off the continent to survive as a people. In a very compelling, comprehensive and intellectually engaging analysis, she problematized the pursuit and achievement of freedom relative and incomplete as it still is. She examines the question as to the attainment of freedom for African women is perceived as a threat by the men with whom they share unconditionally the oldest experiences of racist violation. This interrogation of the pursuits of freedom leads to the crux of McFadden's presentation. She uses it as an opening to lay bare the continuing hegemonic and patriarchal themes embedded in new nationalist discourses. In the process she offers a radical re-conceptualisation and application of the concepts of gender and impunity. The former she sees as a social product that socially and politically emerges out of the struggles of women for freedom and inclusion.
Working Paper No. 6 Whither Work? A Comparative Analysis of Women and Work in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Canada in the New Era of Globalisation. ISBN: 976-621-091-8 By Ann Denis
Ann Denis examines what economists and policy makers mean by work and questions the way that this definition is reconfigured in this new phase of globalisation in both the Commonwealth Caribbean and Canada. She critiques the widely held but overly restrictive definition which equates with revenue generating activity and argues for a more all encompassing and reality-based definition. She proposes a feminist definition that exceeds the boundaries of what is commonly understood as work. This new definition incorporates women’s un-remunerated reproductive and caring labour in the home and community. The paper also examines women’s work in globalisation in two countries and emphasizes the historical and societal restrictions and impositions that shape women’s contemporary experiences of economic activity. The paper makes a critical contribution to our understanding of women’s economic activities nationally and internationally.
Working Paper No.5 When the Closet is a Region: Homophobia, Heterosexism and Nationalism in the Commonwealth Caribbean. ISBN 976-621-090-X By Tara Atluri
Tara Atluri firmly believes that a women's movement that remains unconnected to issues of homophobia is failing to examine the root ideologies upon which patriarchy and sexism are based, and is therefore patching things up without ever challenging the source of the problem.
Working Paper No.4 Examining the Issues of Men, Male Marginalisation and Masculinity in the Caribbean: Policy Implications. ISBN 976-021-059-4 By Eudine Barriteau
Are Caribbean men marginalized? Eudine Barriteau challenges the male marginalization thesis posed by Errol Miller making a thorough analysis of the thesis to demonstrate that it is flawed. She offers a framework for assessing marginalizasion and analyses the popular belief that co-education reproduces male marginalization by examining the work of a number of UWI scholars. She concludes that Caribbean men are not marginalized and recommends national policy that is shaped by a commitment to gender justice and gender equity that will not discriminate or tolerate conditions of discrimination for either sex.
Working Paper No.3 Nuancing Globalisation or Mainstreaming the Downstream or Reforming Reform. ISBN: 976-621-058-6 By Devaki Jain
Devaki Jain argues that the concept of globalisation needs to be nuanced, and sees the women's movement and NGOs as ideally situated to do this. Using a feminist lens, she reviews major developments in the global political economy and identifies new transformative behaviours to tame the adverse impact of globalisation on countries in the South.
Working Paper No.2 UWI: A Progressive Institution for Women? ISBN 976- 621-037-3 By Marlene Hamilton
Working Paper No.1 Engendering Local Government in the Commonwealth Caribbean. ISBN 976–8083-07-5 By Eudine Barriteau
WORKING PAPER SERIES 2006-2009
- Ms Joan Cuffie -(Ag.) Head, Institute of Gender and Development Studies, UWI, Cave Hill
- Ms Carmen Hutchinson Miller -Editorial Assistant, Institute of Gender and Development Studies, UWI, Cave Hill
- Ms Charmaine Crawford - Assistant Editor, Institute of Gender and Development Studies, UWI, Cave Hill
- Ms Sheila Stuart - Social Affairs Officer-Gender ECLAC
- Professor Patricia Mohammed - Professor, Centre for Gender and Development studies UWI, St. Augustine
- Dr Keith Nurse- Director Shirdath Ranphal Centre for International Trade, Law, Policy and Services, UWI, Cave Hill
- Dr Letnie Rock - Head/Senior Lecturer, Department of Government, Sociology and Social Work, UWI, Cave Hill
- Dr Jessica Byron - Senior Lecturer, Department of Government, Sociology and Social Work, UWI, Mona
- Dr April Bernard - Lecturer, Department of Government, Sociology and Social Work, UWI, Cave Hill
The goal of the Working Paper Series is to encourage debate and disseminate information on a wide range of issues of women and gender studies and Caribbean Development.
The work must be relevant to advancing knowledge on Caribbean societies and countries in the South. It should also contribute to feminist scholarship/gender studies including masculinity studies.
Submitted papers are to be sent to members of the editorial committee for assessment and review. Since the paper can be a work in progress, most articles are published once the author is willing to undertake whatever revisions are recommended.
Papers published in the Working Paper Series can be published elsewhere. We however require acknowledgement of the earlier publication in the series.
·Authors receive 4 copies of their published paper. Additional copies available at a 30% discount.
IGDS: NBU, Cave Hill publishes at least two working papers per year.
Submissions should be sent to: The Editor, Working Paper Series Institute of Gender and Development Studies: Nita Barrow Unit, UWI, Cave Hill, P.O. Box 64, Bridgetown, Barbados.
Tel: 246-417-4490/91/92/93 Fax: 246-424-3822 E-mail: email@example.com